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STR Test Practice Questions + Tips #3

Science of Teaching Reading 293 There are many components to mastering the science of teaching students to read. Among the many components, we will discuss scaffolding today. Scaffolding = Scaffolding in the classroom refers to the instructional strategies and support provided by teachers to help students learn new concepts or skills. It involves breaking down complex tasks into smaller, more manageable steps and providing guidance and support as students gradually develop their understanding and abilities. Scaffolding can take various forms, such as modeling, providing prompts, offering hints, or structuring activities. Zone of Proximal Development: Scaffolding is based on the concept of the zone of proximal development, which identifies the gap between what a learner can do independently and what they can achieve with appropriate support. Scaffolding helps students bridge this gap and enables them to achieve higher levels of learning. Examples of how scaffolding can help include:

  • Building Confidence and Motivation: Scaffolding provides students with the necessary support to approach challenging tasks. By gradually increasing the difficulty level and providing guidance, students gain confidence in their abilities, which fosters motivation and a positive attitude towards learning.

  • Promoting Active Engagement: Scaffolding encourages active engagement and participation. It keeps students actively involved in the learning process by providing opportunities for practice, feedback, and reflection. This active involvement enhances understanding and retention of the material.

  • Fostering Independence: The ultimate goal of scaffolding is to enable students to become independent learners. By gradually reducing the level of support as students gain proficiency, scaffolding helps students develop the necessary skills, strategies, and confidence to tackle tasks independently.

  • Addressing Diverse Learner Needs: Scaffolding can be customized to meet the individual needs of students. Teachers can provide different levels of support based on students' abilities, prior knowledge, and learning styles. This personalized approach helps ensure that all students have access to the curriculum and can make progress.

Practice Questions for Checking Understanding:


1. What is the significance of scaffolding in reading instruction?

A) Promoting independent reading skills

B) Supporting students at their current reading level

C) Encouraging rote memorization of text

D) Fostering a competitive reading environment

Correct Answer: b) Supporting students at their current reading level

Scaffolding is always a focus on where students are currently at. We can't help support a student's learning if we focus on a higher grade level of reading then what they are currently on. Independent reading is not supported when introducing scaffolding to readers since independent reading requires mastery of the reading text.

2. Mrs. Anderson, a second-grade teacher, is teaching her students how to write paragraphs. Some students can write simple sentences, while others struggle with constructing coherent paragraphs. How can Mrs. Anderson use zone of proximal development to support her students' writing development?

A) Assign extra writing practice to the students who can write simple sentences.

B) Provide a template for all students to follow when writing paragraphs.

C) Group students based on their writing abilities and assign different writing tasks accordingly.

D) Offer individualized writing instruction and support, providing guidance and feedback as they progress.

Correct Answer: D) Offer individualized writing instruction and support, providing guidance and feedback as they progress.


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Be sure to check our previous STR Tips! STR Tips #1 located here: STR Test Practice Questions + Tips #1 ( STR Tips #2 located here:

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