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STR Test Practice Questions + Tips #2

Updated: Jun 4, 2023

Science of Teaching Reading 293 There are many components to mastering the science of teaching students to read. Among the many components, we will discuss fluency today. Fluency = composed of 3 crucial components: rate, prosody, and accuracy. Fluency is a critical component of reading proficiency and plays a significant role in a student's overall reading development. Here are several reasons why fluency is important for students in reading:

Comprehension and Accuracy: Fluency directly impacts reading comprehension. When students read fluently, they can focus their cognitive resources on understanding the meaning of the text rather than decoding individual words. Accuracy focuses on reading without stumbling on words and making consistent errors with different vocabulary and spelling. Fluency allows students to process text smoothly and effortlessly, making it easier to comprehend and retain information.

Vocabulary Development: Fluent reading exposes students to a wide range of words and phrases in context. As students

encounter words repeatedly, their vocabulary expands, and they develop a deeper understanding of word meanings. Fluent readers are more likely to accurately recognize and understand new vocabulary, enhancing their overall language proficiency.

Engagement and Motivation: Fluent reading contributes to a positive reading experience. When students read fluently, they are more likely to feel confident and enjoy the reading process. This positive experience fosters a love for reading, promotes a sense of achievement, and motivates students to continue reading independently.

Reading Rate: Fluency is closely linked to reading rate, which refers to the speed at which students read. Fluent readers have the ability to read at an appropriate pace, allowing them to cover more text in a given time frame. This increased reading rate facilitates efficient information processing and helps students keep up with academic demands.

Expression and Prosody: Fluent readers demonstrate appropriate expression and prosody, which refers to the rhythm, intonation, and phrasing of speech while reading. Developing prosody helps students understand the meaning and tone of the text, identify punctuation cues, and convey emotions. It adds depth and enhances the overall quality of oral reading. It's one thing to be familiar with the 3 pieces of fluency. Its another to know effective strategies that can be used to improve a desired fluency level.

Examples of strategies that can help students include:

  • Choral Reading: Choral reading involves the whole class or small groups reading a text together in unison. This strategy provides support and creates a rhythmic and fluent reading experience. It also builds students' confidence in reading aloud.

  • Teacher-Modeled Fluent Reading: Teachers can model fluent reading by reading aloud to students. By hearing a skilled reader's pacing, expression, and phrasing, students can internalize the characteristics of fluent reading and strive to emulate them in their own reading.

  • Repeated Reading: This strategy involves having students repeatedly read a text to build fluency. Teachers can provide guidance, support, and feedback as students practice reading the same passage multiple times. The focus is on improving accuracy, speed, and prosody.

  • Reader's Theater: Reader's Theater involves students performing a script or play by reading the lines aloud. This activity helps develop fluency as students engage in expressive and dramatic reading, paying attention to tone, intonation, and pacing.

Practice Questions for Checking Understanding:


1. Which of the following is an effective strategy for promoting reading fluency?

a) Encouraging silent reading only

b) Providing repeated oral reading practice

c) Focusing solely on comprehension skills

d) Minimizing exposure to various genres of texts Correct Answer: b) Providing repeated oral reading practice. Repeated oral reading practice, where students read a text multiple times with guidance and feedback, can improve reading fluency. It helps students develop accuracy, automaticity, and prosody (expression) in their reading. 2. What is the benefit of timed reading activities for improving fluency? a) Developing decoding skills b) Increasing reading speed c) Enhancing vocabulary knowledge d) Improving comprehension abilitie Correct Answer: b) increased reading speed. Timed reading is another way of saying reading rate and it encourages students to be proactive in paying attention to what they are reading and as a result, more of a text is read. Teachers typically give students a certain time limit like 30 seconds or 1 minute to gauge how much they can read. The teacher will then take the timed reading activity and calculate the WPM or words per minute to see if the student is reading the appropriate grade level.


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Be sure to check our previous STR tips #1 located here: STR Test Practice Questions + Tips #1 (

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